CHEM 1030 FUNDAMENTALS OF CHEMISTRY (4)
Catalog Course Description: Fundamentals of chemistry (4) A one semester introductory course designed to provide a broad overview of chemical principles including measurements, atomic theory and bonding, chemical symbols, formulas and equations, inorganic and organic compounds, acid-base theory and the biochemical highlights of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids and metabolism. PREREQUISITES: One year of high school algebra and an acceptable placement scores or DSPM 0800, placement beyond developmental reading and writing. CO-REQUISISTE: DSPM 0850. Three lecture, two laboratory hours per week.
CHEM 1030 Outcome Statements:
Upon Successful completion of the course students will have demonstrated the ability to:
· Write a conversion factor for two units that describe the same quantity.
· Report answers to calculations using the correct number of significant figures. Write the names and abbreviations for the metric units used in measurements of length, volume and mass.
· Use the numerical values of prefixes to write a metric equality. Write the names and abbreviations for the metric units used in measurements of length, volume and mass.
· Use a conversion factor to change from one unit to another.
· Calculate the density or specific gravity of a substance.
· Use the density or specific gravity to calculate the mass or volume of a substance.
· Describe forms of energy.
· Given the temperature, calculate a corresponding temperature on another scale (K, ° F, ° C).
· Given the mass of a sample and the temperature change, calculate the heat lost or gained.
· Calculate the energy of a sample using calorimetry data.
· Given the name of an element, write its correct symbol.
· Identify the physical state of a substance as a solid, liquid, or gas.
· Given the symbol of an element, write its correct name.
· Use the periodic table to identify the group and the period of an element, and whether it is a metal or nonmetal.
· Given the name or symbol of one of the first 20 elements in a periodic table, write the electron configuration.
· Use the electron configuration of an element to state its group number and to explain periodic law.
· Using the periodic table, write the electron-dot structures for the first 20 elements.
· Illustrate the octet rule using the electron-dot structures of the noble gases.
· Using electronegativity values, classify a bond a covalent, polar covalent, or ionic.
· Describe the hydrogen bonding in water.
· Given the atomic number and mass number of an atom, state the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons.
· Describe the electrical charge, mass (a.m.u.), and location in an atom for a proton, neutron, and electron
· Diagram the electron-dot structure for a covalent molecule.
· Given the formula of a covalent compound, write its correct name.
· Given the name of a covalent compound, write its correct formula.
· Write the formulas of the simple ions for metals and nonmetals.
· Using charge balance, write the correct formula for an ionic compound.
· Write a formula of a compound containing a polyatomic ion.
· Given the formula of an ionic compound, write the correct name.
· Describe and write equations for the types of nuclear radiation: alpha, beta and gamma decay.
· Describe how radiation is measured and biological effects.
· Calculate amounts of radioactive isotopes based on half-life decay.
· Describe the process of nuclear fission and fusion.
· Given the chemical formula, determine the formula weight.
· Given the chemical formula of a substance, calculate the molar mass.
· Given the number of moles of a substance, calculate the mass in grams.
· Given the mass of a substance, calculate the number of moles.
· Classify a change in matter as chemical or physical.
· Write a balanced equation for a chemical reaction from the formulas of the reactants and products.
· Describe the energy in exothermic and endothermic reactions.
· From a balanced equation, write conversion factors for any of the mole relationships.
· Given the quantity of a reactant or product in a balanced equation, calculate the quantity of another substance in the reaction.
· Identify the solute and solvent in a solution.
· Describe the process of dissolving an ionic solute in water,
· Describe the effects of temperature and nature of the solute on its solubility in a liquid.
· Calculate the molarity of a solution.
· Use molarity as a conversion factor to calculate the moles of solute or the volume needed to prepare a solution.
· From its properties, identify a mixture as a solution, a colloid, or a suspension.
· Describe the changes in concentration of solute and solvent in the processes of osmosis and dialysis.
· Identify the components in solutions of electrolytes and non-electrolytes.
· Calculate the number of equivalents for an electrolyte.
· Describe the Kinetic molecular theory.
· Calculate gas pressure, volume, moles and temperature from Boyles’s Law, Charles Law, Gay-Lussac’s Law, Avogadro’s Law and the Combined Gas Law.
· Explain partial pressure and Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures.
· Describe acids and bases using the Arrhenius and the Bronsted-Lowry concepts.
· Write an equation for the ionization of strong and weak acids.
· Write a balanced equation for the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
· Use the ion product of water to calculate the hydronium and hydroxide ion concentrations in solution.
· Calculate the pH from hydronium ion concentration.
· Given the pH, calculate the hydronium and hydroxide ion concentrations.
· Describe the role of buffers in maintaining the pH of a solution.
· From its properties, classify a compound as organic or inorganic.
· Classify carbohydrates as monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides.
· Classify a monosaccharide as an aldose, or ketose and indicate the number of carbon atoms.
· Describe the monosaccharide units and linkages in disaccharides.
· Describe the classes of lipids.
· Identify a fatty acid as saturated or unsaturated.
· Describe the structure of a steroid and cholesterol.
· Classify proteins by their functions in the cells.
· Draw the structure for an amino acid in neutral or zwitterion form.
· Describe a peptide bond.
· Draw the structure for a peptide.
· Distinguish between the 1° , 2° , 3° , 4° structures of a protein.
· Describe the enzymes and their functions.
· Describe the role of an enzyme in an enzyme-catalyzed reaction.
· Discuss the effect of cofactors, temperature, and pH on enzyme-catalyzed reactions.
· Describe the nucleotides contained in DNA and RNA.
· Describe the structures of RNA and DNA.
· Explain the process of DNA replication.
· Describe the structures and characteristics of three types of RNA.
· Describe the synthesis of mRNA (transcription).
· Describe the function of the codons in the genetic code.
· Describe the process of protein synthesis (translation).
· Describe some ways in which DNA is altered to cause mutations.